Kidney Stones 101
The Patient's Guide To Understanding Kidney Stone Disease

Causes of Kidney Stones

Preventing Kidney Stones

Symptoms of Kidney Stone

Kidney Stone Removal

Calcium Kidney Stones

Cystine Kidney Stones

Struvite Kidney Stones

Uric Acid Kidney Stones






Struvite kidney stones are found primarily in women with recurring urinary tract infections or people that are paralyzed.  This type of stone is the most dangerous to treat, because of its potential life threatening complications from kidney infections that may be present, as well backflow of infected urine into the bloodstream.

Three different elements can be found in the struvite stone, these are: ammonia, calcium, and magnesium.  Elements of these type are caused by an established or persistent urinary tract infection called proteus.  Urinary tract infections in people with pre-existing kidney stones, can expose the person to greater complications.  This is because the struvite material can form on top of the original stone.

Children can also be prone to the struvite stone disease.  Inherited abnormalities in the urinary tract in the child's urinary tract is the main cause of stone formation.  When it comes to struvite stones, children have the highest fraction of this type of stone than do adults.

Treatment methods for the stone may include: eliminating the organism causing the infection, or inhibiting the enzyme that generates the chemical condition that is causing the stone.  Antibiotics can also be used to control dietary phosphate and protein intake.  Removal of the stone may also be necessary for protection of the kidney. 










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